TABLE 1. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Judgment
Stage 1. Punishment and Obedience
Right is literal obedience to rules and authority to avoid
Stage 2. Individual Instrumental Purpose and Exchange
Right is acting on one's own interests and letting others do the
Right is also what is fair and an agreed upon equal deal.
Stage 3. Conformity to Mutual Roles, Relationships and Norms.
Right is based on reciprocity, concern for others and for "being
based on one's view of self and significant others.
Stage 4. Social System and Conscience Maintenance
Right is fulfilling duties to society and maintaining social order
POSTCONVENTIONAL AND PRINCIPLED LEVEL
Stage 5. Social Contract
Right is based on rights, laws and values of society, even against
rules of a group.
Stage 6. Universal Ethical Principles
Right is based on universal ethical principles applying to all
and upon which society's rules are based.